Link to Instruction materials link to Companion home page link to Worlds of Roman Women in texts & images

Resources for Translation and Interpretation

Many Internet sites offer language and background resources for the classicist. Of particular interest is the expansive Latin Links, well-maintained by John Gruber-Miller.
Listed below are dependable sites that users of Companion will find handy and instructive for comprehension of Worlds passages. Since it is our pedagogical bias that intermediate-level students should be encouraged to read as much Latin in the original as possible for a better understanding of the language, we are generous with both our glosses and supplementary aids.

        Calendar of Holidays and Festivals
        Calendars Through the Ages
        History of the Roman Calendar
        Roman Festivals/Sacred Days
        Ovid's Fasti, poetic translation by A.S. Kline

        Ancient Coins for Education
        Ancient Coins: In Praise of the Celators!
        Reading Ancient Coins
        Online Coins of the Roman Empire: the site offers a searchable database of over 43,000 types of Roman Imperial Coinage from Augustus (31 BCE) to the death of Zeno (491CE).

Grammars: Good reference grammars are welcome at any level of language learning, but especially for intermediate Latin students:
        Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges at Perseus
        Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar at Dickinson College Commentaries
        Bennett´s New Latin Grammar, online at Project Gutenberg or free download
        A Minimalist Greek Grammar for Reading: Vincent Rosivach , Fairfield University

        Roman Inscriptions of Britain
        Graffiti at Ostia and Ancient Texts
        The Ancient Graffiti Project A digital resource for studying the graffiti of Herculaneum and Pompeii
        Latin Epigraphy: Major Web Resources: on Lacus Curtius

       Abbreviations in Latin Inscriptions: Tom Elliott's useful compilation of abbreviations in inscriptions published in AE 1888-1993
       "Meet the Romans with Mary Beard," a YouTube video of the three-part BBC series, each an hour long, uses inscriptions to focus on non-elite Romans. Part 1: "Who were the [Imperial] Romans?"; Part 2: daily life of ordinary Romans; Part 3: behind the doors of the Roman family.

Lexica: Since there is no common elementary Latin text, it is difficult to determine what vocabulary intermediate Latin students might be expected to know. Therefore, in addition to offering plentiful glosses, Companion Editors sought an accessible, reliable, and user-friendly dictionary.
       For now, William Whitaker's Latin-English Dictionary seems the best choice. Notre Dame's Internet version of Whitaker´s Words
       Students beyond the intermediate level are advised to use Lewis and Short's A Latin Dictionary at Perseus or on the Harvard site Pollux, Archimedes Project
       LOGEION: A look-up dictionary of Latin and Greek in the many reference works that make up the Perseus Classical collection. to enhance this site as both a research and a pedagogical tool, we add information based on corpus data in the right side bar, as well as references to chapters in standard textbooks.
       Robertson's Words for a Modern Age: A Dictionary of Latin and Greek Words, and English Word Lists, used in Modern English Vocabulary
       Thesaurus Linguae Latinae: Digital Open Access (A-M, O-P, Onomasticon C-D), provided by the Bavarian Academy.

Meter and Rhetoric: Understanding metrical forms and rhetorical devices makes possible a deeper level of language comprehension; these sites instructive as well as interesting.
        Basic Guide to Latin Meter and Scansion
        Dactylic Hexameter Verse
        Dactylic Hexameter: the Longs and Shorts of Latin Meter: YouTube
        Dactylic Hexameter: Metrical Technique: YouTube
        Scansion of Latin Elegiac Couplet
        Glossary of Rhetorical Terms
        Rhetorical Figures
        Silva Rhetoricae: The Forest of Rhetoric: a guide to the terms of classical and renaissance rhetoric.

Maps and Reconstructions:
        Atlas Project of Roman Aqueducts (ROMAQ): database of information and bibliographic references about Roman aqueducts (400 BC 400AD) (review)
        Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire
        Digital Augustan Rome: online map of Augustan Rome c. 14 CE with textual commentary on the topography (review)
        Digital Roman Forum
        EUR Model of Rome
        Forma Urbis Romae: Stanford University Project
        ORBIS: The Stanford Geospatial Network Model of the Roman World
        Roman Empire
        Roman Fora
        Pleiades: Roger Bagnall, Richard Talbert, Sean Gillies offer historical geographic information about the Greek and Roman world in digital form

         A Brief Introduction to Roman Mosaics: J. Paul Getty Museum
         Roman Floor Mosaics: Stories in Stone and Glass : Daily Art Magazine (July 25, 2022), well-written and illustrated article by Anuradha Sroha, English lit teacher, University of Delhi.

Latin Pedagogy:
        Teaching Classical Languages: TCL is a peer-reviewed, online journal dedicated to exploring how we teach (and how we learn) Greek and Latin. TCL is sponsored by the Classical Association of the Middle West and South (CAMWS). For a complete list of articles, click on Back Issues.
        “Grammar & CLC: Keeping it in Context,” Ginny Lindzey
        “Fluent Latin”: a reflection on Latin: How to Read it Fluently by B. Dexter Hoyos, Ginny Lindzey
        “Reading Proficiency in Latin Through Expectations and Visualization,” co-authored by Donka D. Markus and Deborah Pennell Ross, Classical World 98.1 (Fall 2004) : 79-93 (permission of the editor).
        “From Slate to Tablet PC: Using New Technologies to Teach and Learn Latin and Greek,” Andrew Reinhard, Classical Journal Forum Online 2008.03.03

Latin Texts:
        Ad Fontes Academy: The Latin Library: digitizations of public-domain Latin reading texts with near-comprehensive coverage of literature from Ennius to Apuleius, andsome late antique, Christian, Mediaeval, and neo-Latin texts
        Bibliotheca Augustana
        The Bridge : A Digital Humanities Initiative hosted at Haverford College under the direction of Bret Mulligan, it enables students and instructors to generate and access customized vocabulary lists from its database of Greek and Latin textbooks and texts.
        Catullus Online: edition of the poems of Catullus with full apparatus, repertory of conjectures, and photographs of important manuscripts, (review), created by Daniel Kiss
        De Feminis Romanis, now "Latin Readings on Roman Women" in the new Diotima
        Forum Romanum: Corpus Scriptorum Latinorum
        Perseus Digital Library: Greek and Roman Materials
        Suda On Line (SOL): translation of and brief commentary on the Byzantine encyclopedia, the Suda (review)
        Vindolanda Tablets Online: a collaborative project between Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents and Oxford University's Academic Computing Development Team. It consists of high-quality digital images of the Vindolanda writing-tablets (edd. A.K. Bowman and J.D. Thomas) and supporting materials and exercises, with searchable linked databases of texts and images, commentaries on the texts, an illustrated guide to the palaeography and characteristics of early Latin writing, evidence for the physical context of the deposit at the site of the Vindolanda fort, and for materials mentioned in the texts.

        Roman Consuls from 509 BCE-541 CE, by Keith Fitzpatrick-Matthews
        Timeline of Roman History: important legal and territorial changes and political events in the Roman Kingdom, Republic, Empire and the Byzantine Empire.

Cultural Materials:
        AD79: Destruction and Re-discovery: created by Peter Clements, the website contains more than 390 pages and 3,400+ photographs, maps and plans about Pompeii, Herculaneum, Stabiae, Oplontis and Boscoreale; history of the region; daily life of the people; an in-depth look at what can be seen today; links to other related sites.
        De Imperatoribus Romanis: an online encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their families
        Engendering Roman Military Spaces: Penelope Allison's site investigates the socio-spatial behavior inside Roman military forts in Germany during the early Empire, with a particular focus on evidence for women and children and their roles within the military domain.
        Getty Villa: a searchable guide to the Greek and Latin collections at the museum in Malibu, CA, and supporting educational materials
        Greek Mythology Link: a searchable guide to the Greco-Roman gods, heroes and myths by Carlos Parada
        Vicipaedia, Latin Wikipedia: a good general encyclopedia written in classical Latin with over 100,000 entries on topic ranging from Gaius Valerius Catullus to Dinosauria to The Simpsons. It is also a world-wide community of Latinists. An introduction to Vicipaedia in English can be found in The Classical Outlook (Spring 2015.86-90) by Anne Mahoney.
        Medicina Antiqua: a scholarly introduction and resource for the study of Graeco-Roman medicine, it was created by Lee Pearcy and Jason Davies
        National Latin Exam: Materials and Texts
        Ostia Antica: Harbor City of Ancient Rome: a professional and educational resource maintained by the Internet Group Ostia under the Soprintendenza of Rome
        Perseus Digital Library: Greek and Roman Materials
        Pompeii Bibliography and Mapping Project:Online bibliography & web-map, seeking to link scholarly references with the physical spaces of the city, created by Eric Poehler (review)
        POMPEII: A Different Perspective: Online companion to the monograph on the Via dell'Abbondanza by J.F. Stephens and A.E. Stephens (BMCR book review)
        Pompeii Forum Project: an interdisciplinary collaborative research venture sponsored by the National Endowment for the Humanities, the University of Virginia, and private contributors.
        Rome: Republic to Empire: created and maintained by Barbara McManus
        The Roman Empire: In the First Century: PBS
        SPQR: Encyclopaedia Romana: created and maintained by James Grout
        Stoa Consortium: created in 1997 by Ross Scaife, Professor of Classics, University of Kentucky, for the dissemination of news and announcements; discussion of best practices via discussion groups and white papers; publication of experimental on-line projects, many subject to scholarly peer review. Open access to networked scholarship is a bedrock principle for this site.
        Trajan's Column: the McMaster Column of Trajan Project
        The Uffizi Digitization Project: images of ancient sculptured artifacts
        UNRV Roman History: The Empire: the United Nations of Roma Victrix seeks to provide a forum for scholars and students who study Rome in all forms; it aims to give visitors a substantial look into what Rome was.
        VRoma: A Virtual Community for Teaching and Learning Classics: initially funded by a National Endowment for the Humanities “Teaching with Technology” grant, the project is both an on-line “place,” modeled on the ancient city of Rome, where students and instructors can interact live, hold courses and lectures, and share resources for the study of the ancient world, and a collection of internet resources. The resources, including texts, commentaries, images, maps and other materials, are accessible in a variety of formats. The VRoma community facilitates collaborative planning and implementation of many different types of joint projects for the teaching and learning of Classics. Suzanne Bonefas and Barbara McManus co-direct the project; other original VRoma directors were Steve Nimis, Michael Arnush, and Kenny Morrell.
        “Women and the Family,” Alisa Tanenbaum

Ann R. Raia and Judith Lynn Sebesta
Updated Winter 2022