Notes to Martial, Epigrammata 10.38

Nothing is known of his family or his life other than his successful marriage to Sulpicia, nor is there any evidence that the couple had children.

mollis, -e
tender, gentle, easy, voluptuous; the word order invites translating tibi as a dative of interest, but it may also be the object of indulsit.

quindecim numeral
fifteen; translate with iugales annos.

iugalis, -e
yoked together; nuptial

indulgeo, -ere, indulsi + dative
indulge; concede to; takes tibi and quos as its objects.

perago, -ere, -egi, -actum
complete; accomplish.

omnis, -e

noto (1)
mark, write, observe

carus, -a, -um
costly; dear; beloved.

litus, -oris n.
shore, beach, coast

Indicus, -a, -um
of India, i.e., a semi-precious stone, either because it comes from far away or is of some valuable material obtainable from the waters around India, stone, marble or pearls.

lapillus, -i m.
stone, pebble. Click here for a description of national holidays and "black" days on the calendar. Verses from Catullus (who refers to his birthday in Carmina 68.148: lapide illa diem candidiore notat and Porphyrio's gloss to this line) and Horace (refers to his friend Numidia's safe return Carmina I.36.10: Cressa ne careat pulchra dies nota, where Cressa nota is understood to be white chalk) suggest that, as do we, people marked personal lucky days and anniversaries on calendars in their home of stone or painted on their walls (the authors thank JMP "Peperino" for the citations and the gloss).

proelium, -i n.
battle, conflict; the reference to lovers’ activities as military engagement is a poetic conceit.

utrimque adverb
on both sides, on either side

pugna, -ae f.
fight, battle

lectulus, -i m.
a small couch; a bed

lucerna, -ae f.
oil lamp; lucernae were small, made of bronze or terracotta, usually with a handle so they could be carried around indoors to provide light at night.

nimbus, -i m.
pouring rain, storm; cloud.

ebrius, -a, -um
drunk, full; a poetic description of the perfumed oils contained in the lamp.

Nicerotianus, -a, -um
of Niceros, a perfumer.

lustrum, -i n.
the ceremony of purification of the Roman people which closed the census which was taken every five years; classical authors used the term to refer to a five-year period, as does Martial here
(for more information, see lustrum)

aetas, -tatis f.
age; life; time

computo (1)
reckon, number; translate tota as predicate after the verb.

numero (1)
count, number

maritus, -i m.
a married man, husband; that is, the days lived as a husband.

understand diebus

si + subjunctive:
contrary to fact, present time with the imperfect subjunctives redderet, malles

Atropos, -i f.
one of the three Parcae or Fates, her name in Greek means not to be turned; her job was to cut the thread of life for each mortal, which resulted in death (for more about the fates, see Moirai).

lux, lucis f.
day light; modified by diu rogatam.

vel adverb

mallo, malle, malui + quam
prefer to; object understood eam unam lucem

Pylius, -a, -um
of or belonging to Pylos; the Pylian, a term usually signifying Nestor, the aged Homeric hero.

quater adverb
four times

senecta, -ae f.
old age

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