Notes to Livy 39, Hispala Faecenia

scortum, -i, n.
harlot, strumpet, prostitute (literally, skin, hide); a word most frequently used in comedy.

libertina, -ae, f.

dignus, -a, -um + ablative
worthy of.

quaestus, -us, m.

ancillula, -ae, f.
a little serving-maid, a young female slave (double diminutive, as ancilla, handmaid, female slave, is the dimunitive of ancula, maidservant).

adsuesco, -ere, adsuevi, adsuetum
become used to, be trained for.

manumitto, -mittere, -misi, -missum
emancipate, make free.

genus, -eris, n.
way, respect (i.e., kind of occupation).

tueor, tueri, tuitus or tutus/a sum + se
keep oneself.

huic = Hispala Faecenia.

consuetudo, -dinis, f.
familiarity, love affair.

iuxta (preposition + accusative)
close to.

vicinitas, -atis, f.

res, rei, f.
, wealth.

damnosus, -a, -um (+ genitive)
harmful to.

ultro adverb
unasked, voluntarily (i.e., Hispala pursued Arbutius).

appeto, -ere, -petivi, -petitum
desire, approach.

maligne adverb
grudgingly, stingily.

praebeo, -ere, -ui, -itum
supply, offer; ablative absolute construction.

sui, suorum, m. pl.
one’s own (i.e., family, friends).

meretricula, -ae f.
public prostitute, courtesan; diminutive of meretrix (i.e., “she who earns her money”).

munificentia, -ae, f.
generosity; in the ablative case.

sustineo, -ere, -tinui, -tentum
support, maintain.

quin adverb
rather, indeed.

eo: followed by ut
to the point...that.

procedo, -ere, -cessi, -cessum
go on, continue, advance.

patronus, -i, m.
protector, patron; defender before the law; term for the former master of a freedman or freedwoman.

in...manu: a legal term describing the power of a husband (manus) over his wife, transferred from her father in marriage.

tutor, -oris, m.
guardian, protector; one holding the office of tutela, a legal protectorate for minors, widows and daughters past the age of 12 (except for the Vestal Virgins) until the time of their marriage. Since she had no family, Hispala’s tutor was appointed by the state to represent her in all legal matters, including the preparation of her will.

tribunus, -i, m.
tribune; it was his duty to defend the rights and interests of the Roman plebeians against the encroachments of the patricians.

praetor, -oris, m.
praetor; the Roman magistrate charged with the administration of justice.

peto, -ere, petivi, petitum
seek for, sue for.

cum + subjunctive

testamentum, -i , n.
will, testament.

instituo, -ere, -tui, -tutum

heres, -edis, m/f.

ancilla, -ae, f.
handmaid or female slave; in apposition to se (Hispala is speaking of herself).

comes, -ites, m/f.

sacrarium, -i , n.
shrine, chapel.

intro (1) enter.

intrasse is a contracted form of intravisse; this and the following infinitives depend on ait.

accedo, -ere, -cessi, -cessum
go to, approach.

scire: dependent on ait; the subject is Hispala.

corruptela, -ae, f.
corruption, seduction, bribery.

eam: refers to sacrarium but is attracted to the gender and case of officinam.

officina, -ae, f.
factory; workshop.

biennium, -i, n.
two-year period.

consto (1) impersonal use
be well-known, be established.

nemo, -inis, m/f.
no one.

initio (1)

ut: as soon as; the subjunctive is used because the clause is within a reported statement.

introduco, -ducere, -duxi, -ductum
bring in, introduce.

velut adverb
just as if.

trado, -ere, tradidi, traditum
hand over, deliver; betray.

sacerdos, -dotis, m/f.
priest, priestess.

deduco, -ducere, -duxi, -ductum
lead away; the subject is sacerdotes.

circumsono (1)
resound on all sides.

ululatus, -us, m.
wailing, shrieking.

cantus, -us, m.
singing, playing.

symphonia, -ae, f.
group of musicians or singers; orchestra.

cymbalum, -i, n.

tympanum, -i n.

pulsus, -us, m.

ne + subjunctive (possit) in a negative purpose construction.

quirito (1)
cry out, wail.

cum: conjunction + causal subjunctive (inferatur) seeing that, since.

stuprum, -i, n.
lewdness, violation, debauchery; with inferatur translate rape.

exaudio, -audire, -audivi, -auditum
listen to, hear clearly.

oro (1)
pray, beg; historical infinitive – Hispala is the subject.

obsecro (1) ut + subjunctive (discuteret)

discutio, -ere, -cussi, -cussum
smash, dispel, scatter; the subject is Aebutius.

eo adverb

praecipito (1) + se
rush headlong, fall.

infandus, -a, -um

patior, pati, passus/a sum
experience, suffer (with essent).

dimitto, -ere, -misi, -missum
send away, let go.

sacrum, -i, n.
rite, worship.

tempero (1)
abstain, forbear.

damno (1)
condemn, convict.

cognatus, -i, m.

ipsi: i.e., the relatives.

animadverto, -vertere, -verti, -versum + in

idoneus, -a, -um

supplicium, -i , n.
punishment, suffering.

exactor, -oris, m.

utique = ut/uti + que adverb
and that.

datio, -onis , f.
right to give away property.

deminutio, -onis , f.
right to transfer property.

enuptio, -onis , f.
with gentis, marriage outside the family or class.

optio, -onis, f.

item adverb
likewise, also.

quasi adverb
as if.

ei = Hispala.

ingenuus, -a, -um

nubo, -ere, nupsi, nuptum (+ dative)
marry (literally, put on the veil for), the verb used for the nupta.

licet, -ere, licuit, licitum est (impersonal)
it is lawful.

neu = ne + ve conjunction
neither, nor.

quid = aliquid following si, nisi, num, ne.

ei = ingenuo.

duco, -ere, duxi, ductum + eam
lead (in marriage); it is the verb used for the groom.

fraus, fraudis f.
damage, injury, offense; fraudi: dative of disadvantage.

ignominia, -ae, f.
dishonor, disgrace.

quive = qui + ve (the antecedent is consules praetoresque).

curo (1) ut + subjunctive (fieret)
take care, pay attention

iniuria, -ae, f.
insult, outrage, injustice.


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